KUKA robots

RoboDK supports all KUKA robot controllers since KRC2, including KUKA KRC3 and KRC4 controllers. This documentation is based on a KRC4 controller. The KRC4 robot controller runs the Microsoft Embedded Windows 7 operating system. Previous controllers, such as KRC2, run Windows 95. The robot teach pendant shows an “HMI” which is a program that KUKA developed to run on Windows and it is the interface that the robot user must use manipulate the robot.

The following sections demonstrate typical operations using a KUKA robot teach pendant to prepare a new program in RoboDK and transfer it to the robot.

Transfer a robot program

Follow these steps to load a program form a USB disk to your KUKA KRC4 robot controller.

1.Insert the USB disk on the robot controller (it is much faster than using the teach pendant connection)

2.If we don’t see the USB disk we must enter in Administrator mode

3.Select the file from the USB disk

4.Select EditCopy

5.Select a folder in the KRC unit

6.Select EditPaste

Robots KUKA - Image 1                         Robots KUKA - Image 2

Post Processor behavior

When generating robot programs for KUKA KRC robot controllers you can define the coordinate systems ($BASE) and tools ($TOOL) given the same coordinates you entered in RoboDK or numbered coordinate systems and numbered tools respectively.

By default, RoboDK exports the full pose (XYZABC values) of your tool and coordinate system the same way you entered them in RoboDK. The following code shows an example of what RoboDK generates for a KUKA SRC robot program:

; ---- Setting tool (TCP) ----------

; TOOL_DATA[3]={FRAME: X 116.058,Y 0.0,Z 219.481,A 0.0,B 60.0,C 0.0}

$TOOL = {FRAME: X 116.058,Y 0.0,Z 219.481,A 0.0,B 60.0,C 0.0}

; $TOOL=TOOL_DATA[3]

; ----------------------------------

 

; ---- Setting reference (Base) ----

; BASE_DATA[1]={FRAME: X 640.289,Y -290.0,Z 0.0,A 90.0,B 0.0,C 0.0}

$BASE = {FRAME: X 640.289,Y -290.0,Z 0.0,A 90.0,B 0.0,C 0.0}

; $BASE = BASE_DATA[1]

; ----------------------------------

On the other hand, if you prefer linking your tool ($TOOL variable) and coordinate system ($BASE variable) to numbered tools and reference frames, you can change the following variables in your post processor:

·    FRAME_INDEX: Set this variable to True to link your coordinate system to a numbered base frame. You should make sure your reference frame has a number in your RoboDK station as shown in the following image.

·    TOOL_INDEX: Set this variable to True to link your tool to a numbered tool. You should make sure your tool has a number in your RoboDK station as shown in the following image.

Robots KUKA - Image 3

Start a robot program

Follow these steps to start a robot program on your KUKA KRC4 controller.

1.Select a program from the KRC memory unit

2.Select Select on the screen

3.Select the button “R” (top) and Reset program

4.Start the program by selecting green “Play” button on the teach pendant

Robots KUKA - Image 4 Robots KUKA - Image 5

Retrieving the TCP

The following steps allow you to create or modify robot tools (TCP) from your robot controller, also known as $TOOL in KUKA KRC robot programming):

1.Select Robots KUKA - Image 6 KUKAStart-upCalibrateTool

2.Select a tool and edit or retrieve the X,Y,Z position of the TCP.

Robots KUKA - Image 7 Robots KUKA - Image 8

Retrieving the robot joints

The following steps allow you to retrieve the robot joints from your robot:

1.Select Robots KUKA - Image 9 KUKADisplayActual position

2.Select Joints mode and use the left column to take the robot joints

Robots KUKA - Image 10 Robots KUKA - Image 11

Administrator mode

Some menu sections require “Expert” or “Administrator” rights. The following steps allow entering in “Expert” mode:

1.Select Robots KUKA - Image 12 KUKAConfigurationUser group

2.Select Expert (or Administrator).

3.Enter the password if required (the default password is “kuka”)

Robots KUKA - Image 13 Robots KUKA - Image 14


 

RoboDK driver for KUKA

Robot drivers provide an alternative to Offline Programming (where a program is generated, then, transferred to the robot and executed). With robot drivers, it is possible to run a simulation directly on the robot (Online Programming). More information available in the Robot Drivers section.

You can establish a connection between RoboDK and your KUKA controller to move the robot automatically from your computer. This allows using the RoboDK Run on robot option for online programming and debugging. The connection can be established through a standard Ethernet connection (TCP/IP).

If you don’t use a recent version of the RoboDK you may be using the legacy driver (apikuka, based on the KUKAVARPROXY project). To use the current driver, make sure that the kukabridge driver is selected in the More options section of the Connection to Robot window.

Robots KUKA - Image 15

Follow these steps to set up the RoboDK driver for KUKA:

1.Get the C3 Bridge installer file (c3setup executable) from the driver section or by contacting us.

2.Using the KUKA HMI, copy the c3setup.exe installer file to the desktop of your controller or a folder of the control system.

3.Connect a mouse (optional, but strongly recommended).    
It is possible to plug USB devices to the teach pendant or the controller (reboot is not required).          
Alternatively, it is possible to establish a remote desktop connection.         
These steps can also be accomplished using the teach pendant’s touch screen and the virtual keyboard.

4.Using the KUKA HMI application it is possible to open the main menu using the KUKA button Robots KUKA - Image 16, at the top left of the screen:

a.Robots KUKA - Image 17 KUKAConfigurationUser group choose Expert (password: kuka)

b.Robots KUKA - Image 18 KUKAStart-upServiceMinimize HMI (the windows screen will appear)

5.Locate the previously copied c3setup-1.6.1.exe file and run it. Follow the instructions of the installer.

6.Allow port 7000 (or another port if port 7000 is busy, see note below) for TCP/UDP communication (this step is not required on KUKA KRC2 controllers):

a.Restore the HMI.

b.Robots KUKA - Image 19 KUKAStart-upNetwork configurationAdvanced

c.  NATAdd portPort number 7000

d.Set permitted protocols: tcp/udp

7.Launch the C3 Bridge Server from the desktop shortcut or the Start Menu item (you can skip this step in case you selected Run C3 Bridge Server at the last installation step).

8.To start C3 Bridge Server automatically at system startup, copy the application shortcut from the desktop to the Startup folder of the Start Menu.

The C3 Bridge Server is now ready. You can leave this program running. This server allows you to exchange global variable values between the KUKA control system and the remote PC, download and upload KRL programs, control the execution of KRL programs, and more.

Further configuration of the control system can be done in two ways: automatically using the interactive mode of the kukabridge driver (KRC4 only) and manually by editing the robot control system files in KUKA HMI. Let's take a look at both approaches.

Automatic configuration using a script

The script KUKA_Auto_Configuration.py in the folder C:\RoboDK\Library\Scripts can be used to perform automatic configuration of the KUKA control system. In that case, the current RoboDK station must contain at least one KUKA robot with the correct IP address and port in the Connection to Robot window. The script can be called from the menu ToolsRun Script or by the Shift+S hotkey.

Robots KUKA - Image 20

 

Automatic configuration

Prerequisites: RoboDK version 5.5.2 or higher, Windows operating system, installation path C:\RoboDK.

1.Open command shell with STARTAll programs AccessoriesCommand Prompt  
or START
Runcmd.

2.Change directory to C:\RoboDK\bin and launch kukabridge.exe by executing following commands:

c:

cd C:\RoboDK\bin

..\api\Robot\kukabridge.exe

3.Now KUKA Bridge Driver is running in interactive mode.

4.Establish a connection to the control system by entering CONNECT <robot IP address> <port> <number of robot axes>, e.g:

CONNECT 172.1.1.10 7000 6

5.If successful, you will see the following output:

SMS:Connecting

Connected

SMS:Working...

SMS:Ready

6.Request current robot joint position by typing the CJNT command:

CJNT

SMS:Working...

JNTS 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000

SMS:Ready

7.Perform automatic configuration with the CONFIGURE FORCE command:

CONFIGURE FORCE

SMS:Working...

Requesting robot program state

Current robot program state is #P_FREE

Reading current configuration ($config.dat)

Read complete, updating configuration

Adding definition of variable COM_ACTION

Adding definition of variable COM_ACTCNT

Adding definition of variable COM_ROUNDM

Adding definition of variable COM_VALUE1

Adding definition of variable COM_VALUE2

Adding definition of variable COM_VALUE3

Adding definition of variable COM_VALUE4

Adding definition of variable COM_E6AXIS

Adding definition of variable COM_FRAME

Adding definition of variable COM_POS

Adding definition of variable COM_E6POS

Configuration lines have been updated: 11 added, 0 removed, 0 updated, 659 total

Checking existence of old backup file ($config.bak)

Old backup file exists, deleting it

Creating new backup file ($config.bak)

Backup completed, writing new configuration

New configuration was successfully written

Checking existence of program file (RoboDKsync543.src)

Program file does not exists

Writing program file to robot system

Configuration is complete

SMS:Ready

Robots KUKA - Image 21

8.Now your robot is ready to work, all you have to do is select and run the program RoboDKsync543.src.

Manual configuration

The next steps are to manually set up the main program that will handle the robot movements:

1.Add the declaration of the following global variables:           
To do so, locate and modify the file “KRC:\R1\SYSTEM\$CONFIG.DAT” via KUKA HMI. The folder “KRC:\R1\” can also be accessed from the C:\ drive at the following Windows path: “C:\KRC\ROBOTER\KRC\”.

INT COM_ACTION=0

INT COM_ACTCNT=0

REAL COM_ROUNDM=0

REAL COM_VALUE1=0

REAL COM_VALUE2=0

REAL COM_VALUE3=0

REAL COM_VALUE4=0

DECL E6AXIS COM_E6AXIS

DECL FRAME COM_FRAME

DECL POS COM_POS

DECL E6POS COM_E6POS

2.Copy the KUKA SRC program RoboDKsyncVER.src to the folder KRC\R1\PROGRAM. The VER suffix in the file name denotes the version of the program (for example, RoboDKsync543.src).

3.Manually start the RoboDKsyncVER.src program to make the robot listen for commands coming from the computer.

If the RoboDKsyncVER.src program is not running, RoboDK will still be able to read the robot joints if the C3 Bridge Server is running in the robot controller.

Legacy driver for KUKA (Kukavarproxy)

The legacy KUKA driver is called apikuka and is used in conjunction with KUKAVARPROXY. This solution is now obsolete and is being discontinued by RoboDK. If you want to use this driver, make sure it is selected in the More options section of the Connection to Robot window.

Follow these steps to set up the legacy driver for KUKA:

1.Connect a mouse (optional, but strongly recommended).    
It is possible to plug USB devices to the teach pendant or the controller (reboot is not required).          
Alternatively, it is possible to establish a remote desktop connection.         
These steps can also be accomplished using the teach pendant’s touch screen and the virtual keyboard.

9.Using the KUKA HMI application it is possible to open the main menu using the KUKA button Robots KUKA - Image 22, at the top left of the screen:

a.Robots KUKA - Image 23 KUKAConfigurationUser group choose Administrator (password: kuka)

b.Robots KUKA - Image 24 KUKAStart-upServiceMinimize HMI (the windows screen will appear)

10.  Copy the KUKAVARPROXY folder on the Desktop (or somewhere in the controller PC)

11.  Allow port 7000 for TCP/UDP communication (this step is not required on KUKA KRC2 controllers):

a.Select the HMI.

b.Robots KUKA - Image 25 KUKAStart-upNetwork configurationAdvanced

c.  NATAdd portPort number 7000

d.Set permitted protocols: tcp/udp

12.  Start the KUKAVARPROXY.EXE program on the robot controller (running on Windows).

13.  The following steps allow starting the driver automatically on the controller on reboot (recommended):

a.Create a shortcut of the KUKAVARPROXY.EXE file

b.Select Windows STARTAll programsRight click startupOpen

c.  Paste the shortcut in the startup folder

The KUKAVARPROXY server is now ready. You can leave this program running. This server allows exchanging global variables from the KUKA controller to the remote PC.

The next steps are to set up the main program that will handle the robot movements:

1.Add the declaration of the following global variables:           
To do so, locate and modify the file “KRC:\R1\SYSTEM\$CONFIG.DAT” via KUKA HMI. The folder “KRC:\R1\” can also be accessed from the C:\ drive at the following Windows path: “C:\KRC\ROBOTER\KRC\”.

INT COM_ACTION=0

INT COM_ACTCNT=0

REAL COM_ROUNDM=0

REAL COM_VALUE1=0

REAL COM_VALUE2=0

REAL COM_VALUE3=0

REAL COM_VALUE4=0

DECL E6AXIS COM_E6AXIS

DECL FRAME COM_FRAME

DECL POS COM_POS

DECL E6POS COM_E6POS

2.Copy the KUKA SRC program RoboDKsyncVER.src to the folder KRC\R1\PROGRAM. The VER suffix in the file name denotes the version of the program (for example, RoboDKsync543.src).

3.Manually start the RoboDKsyncVER.src program to make the robot listen for commands coming from the computer.

If the RoboDKsyncVER.src program is not running, RoboDK will still be able to read the robot joints if the KUKAVARPROXY program is running in the robot controller.

External axes

You should be able to use the driver with KUKA robots even when you use external axes. On the other hand, it is recommended to use a numbered coordinate system or a coordinate system you have defined on your robot controller. By following this procedure, you don’t need to perfectly match the kinematics of your external axes in RoboDK.

For example, to be able to use the RoboDK driver by default, the kinematics of your external axes defined in the robot controller should match the kinematics created in RoboDK. Also, if you have a turntable, the root point of the turntable should match the position of the turntable defined in RoboDK.

Follow these steps to use the driver using a known coordinate system:

1.Select ToolsOptionsDrivers tab.

2.Check the option Provide Cartesian coordinates with respect to the reference.

Robots KUKA - Image 26

3.Replace the $BASE variable of your RoboDKsynch.src program file by the coordinate system you want to use.

For example, if you want to use the base reference frame number 5, the RoboDKsync.src file should look like this (the first line is commented, you should find it around line 25):

; $BASE = {FRAME: X 0,Y 0,Z 0,A 0,B 0,C 0}

$BASE = BASE_DATA[5]

This coordinate system must have been defined in the KUKA robot controller and RoboDK will not override this value.

Robot calibration

You can use RoboDK to calibrate KUKA robots that have already been calibrated by KUKA using the Absolute Accuracy option. However, you should make sure to deactivate this option in the KUKA robot controller. When you calibrate a KUKA robot that has already been calibrated by KUKA using the Absolute Accuracy option it is important to deactivate this option so you can calibrate it using RoboDK.

To deactivate KUKA’s Absolute Accuracy you should set variable DEACTIVATE_ABS_ACCUR to TRUE. You can find this variable in the file KRC:\STEU\MADA\$custom.dat (around line 73).

You can make sure that KUKA’s absolute accuracy option has been properly deactivated by moving the robot to a known position (for example, move the robot axes of the real robot and in RoboDK to the home position) and make sure the Cartesian position displayed by the robot controller matches the same Cartesian position displayed by RoboDK.